Limitation Prescribed Under Section 34 (3) – Of the Arbitration & Conciliation Act


In State of Maharashtra v. ARK Builders Pvt. Ltd., (2011) 4 SCC 616 it was held as under:

“The period of limitation prescribed under Section 34(3) of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 would start running only from the date a signed copy of the award is delivered to/received by the party making the application for setting it aside under Section 34(1) of the Act. The legal position on the issue may be stated thus. If the law prescribes that a copy of the order/award is to be communicated, delivered, dispatched, forwarded, rendered or sent to the parties concerned in a particular way and in case the law also sets a period of limitation for challenging the order/award in question by the aggrieved party, then the period of limitation can only commence from the date on which the order/award was received by the party concerned in the manner prescribed by the law.”

In Benarsi Krishna Committee v. Karmyogi Shelters Pvt. Ltd., (2012) 9 SCC 496, it was held as under:

“The view taken in Pushpa Devi Bhagat v. Rajinder Singh, (2006) 5 SCC 566, is in relation to the authority given to an advocate to act on behalf of a party to a proceeding in the proceedings itself, which cannot stand satisfied where a provision such as Section 31 (5) of the 1996 Act is concerned. The said provision clearly indicates that a signed copy of the Award has to be delivered to the party. Accordingly, when a copy of the signed Award is not delivered to the party himself, it would not amount to compliance with the provisions of Section 31(5) of the Act. Om Prakash Mittal v. Vinod Kumar Mittal, 2018 (129) ALR 858.

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