Purpose of ‘Recognition’ and ‘Affiliation’

Under Section 14 and particularly in terms of Section 14(3) (a) of the National Council for Teacher Education Act, 1993, the NCTE is required to grant or refuse recognition to an institute. It has been empowered to impose such conditions as it may consider fit and proper keeping in view the legislative intent and object in mind. In terms of Section 14(6) of the Act, the examining body shall grant affiliation to the institute where recognition has been granted. In other words, granting recognition is the basic requirement for grant of affiliation. It cannot be said that affiliation is insignificant or a mere formality on the part of the examining body. It is the requirement of law that affiliation should be granted by the affiliating body in accordance with the prescribed procedure and upon proper application of mind. Recognition and affiliation are expressions of distinct meaning and consequences. In Bhartia Education Society v. State of Himachal Pradesh, (2011) 4 SCC 527, it was held:
“The purpose of ‘recognition’ and ‘affiliation’ is different. In the context of the NCTE Act, ‘affiliation’ enables and permits an institution to send its students to participate in public examinations conducted by the examining body and secure the qualification in the nature of degrees, diploma and certificates. On the other hand, recognition is the licence to the institution to offer a course or training in teaching education.” Dr. A.H. Rizvi Degree College v. State of U.P., (2018) 1 UPLBEC 787.

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Filed under Affiliation and Recognition, Education Law

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