Manufacturing Process – Definition of

In Employees State Insurance v. Duncan Gleneagles Hospital Ltd, 2005 LLR 1071 it was held as under:
“The definition of ‘manufacturing process’ includes otherwise treating or adopting any article or substance with a view to its use, sale transport, delivery or disposal. The outcome of the test is recorded through various machineries electronically operated or otherwise. In some cases, these are recorded in special kind of papers or any photo plates or X-ray plates or certain kinds of devices recording Ultra sonographic tests. The process of these tests were not carried on either for making, altering repairing, ornamenting, finishing or otherwise treating or adopting any article or substance, namely, the X-ray plates or the papers or the sonographic records with a view to its use, sale, transport, delivery or disposal. These articles or substances were used in aid of the process for the examination or the tests carried on. It is the report of the test, which is produced. It is the service of preparing the report or diagnosis is the service rendered. The process is not undertaken for the purpose of production of any article or substance in the form of developed X-ray films or sonographic records or anything else. If it is interpreted in such a manner, then in that event, even printing floppies or writing disks or typing of papers in course of any business or commerce or any office or administration would also amount to undertaking of manufacturing process since floppies, disks, Xerox and typing are undertaken for the use or disposal. But if the pathological laboratory undertakes tapping of blood and process the same and use the same for the purpose of sale or transfusion or otherwise use thereof, the same may be a manufacturing process. But the pathological tests would not amount to manufacturing process even though the production of the developed X-ray films or sonography reports may amount to manufacturing process otherwise in some other context. It has to be reconciled with the purpose and object for which it is being used or utilized. Rajesh Saigal v. State of Haryana, 2015 (146) FLR 588.

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